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An Analysis of Scoliosis in Autism Spectrum Disorder – Lumbar Fusion

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The article explores whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and scoliosis have similar radiographic and clinical outcomes as patients with idiopathic scoliosis (IS). The study conducted a retrospective review of a scoliosis registry and compared ASD patients who underwent spinal fusion surgery with AIS patients. The results showed that although ASD patients had decreased lumbar lordosis preoperatively, their radiographic outcomes at the 2-year follow-up were comparable to IS patients. Additionally, ASD patients maintained a greater curve correction than IS patients at the 2-year follow-up. The study suggests that children with ASD and scoliosis can achieve similar outcomes to IS patients after surgical intervention

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : most advanced spine centre in UK

Published article

CONCLUSIONS: Although patients with ASD exhibited decreased lordosis compared with IS patients preoperatively, their radiographic outcomes at 2-year follow-up were the same. In addition, ASD patients maintained greater curve correction than IS patients at 2 years follow-up.

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J Pediatr Orthop. 2023 Aug 23. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002497. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Children with autism/Asperger are grouped into the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It remains uncertain whether children with ASD and scoliosis have radiographic and clinical outcomes similar to idiopathic scoliosis (IS) patients.METHODS: A single-center, retrospective review of a prospective scoliosis registry evaluated,

J Pediatr Orthop. 2023 Aug 23. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002497. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Children with autism/Asperger are grouped into the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It remains uncertain whether children with ASD and scoliosis have radiographic and clinical outcomes similar to idiopathic scoliosis (IS) patients.

METHODS: A single-center, retrospective review of a prospective scoliosis registry evaluated patients who had a posterior spinal fusion±Anterior Spinal Fusion and an underlying diagnosis of ASD between 1990 and 2021. A 2:1 match with AIS patients by age and sex was compared using demographic, radiographic, intraoperative, and SRS-22/30 variables.

RESULTS: Thirty patients with ASD (63% male, mean age at surgery 14.6±2.5 y) met inclusion criteria, with a follow-up of 2.46±1.00 years. Despite no differences in curve magnitude preoperatively, patients with ASD had a higher percent correction at 2-year follow-up (66% vs. 57%, P=0.01) and improved mean curve magnitude (20±10 degrees) at 2-year follow-up compared with IS patients (27±11 degrees, P<0.01). ASD patients had less lumbar lordosis preoperatively (40±12 vs. 53±14, P<0.01), but there were no significant differences in sagittal parameters at 2-year follow-up. There were no significant differences in the rate of complications at 2-year follow-up between ASD and AIS cohorts.

CONCLUSIONS: Although patients with ASD exhibited decreased lordosis compared with IS patients preoperatively, their radiographic outcomes at 2-year follow-up were the same. In addition, ASD patients maintained greater curve correction than IS patients at 2 years follow-up.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic retrospective study.

PMID:37609890 | DOI:10.1097/BPO.0000000000002497

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An Analysis of Scoliosis in Autism Spectrum Disorder

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J Pediatr Orthop. 2023 Aug 23. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000002497. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Children with autism/Asperger are grouped into the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It remains uncertain whether children with ASD and scoliosis have radiographic and clinical outcomes similar to idiopathic scoliosis (IS) patients.METHODS: A single-center, retrospective review of a prospective scoliosis registry evaluated

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