Cervical Disc ArthroplastyThe London Spine Unit : most experienced spinal clinic in LondonPublished articleCONCLUSIONS: The incidence and risk of RASP is decreased when patients are treated with CDA compared with ACDF. Although the mechanism of CDA that generates this protective effect is not understood, PROs remain unaffected through 7 years despite changes in RASP.Cervical Disc Arthroplasty Expert. Best Spinal Surgeon UKThe London Spine Unit is a specialist clinic for Cervical Disc Arthoplasty as Day Surgery.
Methods: Data were prospectively collected during a US Food and Drug Administration randomized, multicenter, investigational device exemption trial comparing CDA (Mobi-C; Zimmer Biomet, Westminster, CO) with ACDF. Multiple post hoc analyses were conducted on RASP as it related to demographics and patient outcomes. Kaplan-Meier estimates of time to Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grade 3/4 were calculated separately for all groups. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used analyze whether RASP was associated with patient preoperative demographic characteristics and preoperative and postoperative radiographic characteristics. The association of RASP with PROs was analyzed using generalized estimating equations and matched, retrospective cohort analysis.
Results: The incidence of grade 3/4 RASP was lower for patients treated with CDA when initial treatment was at 1 level (27% vs 47%, P < .0001) and at 2 levels (14% vs 49%, P < .0001). Kaplan-Meier estimates indicated significantly lower probability of grade 3/4 RASP over time for patients receiving CDA (P < .001). Treatment with ACDF, treatment of 1 level, higher age, body mass index, higher preoperative physical components score, and a lower Cobb angle were associated with elevated risk of grade 3/4 RASP. CDA was shown to be more effective than ACDF (64.4%; 95% CI = 50.9, 74.2; P < .0001) at preventing RASP.
Conclusions: The incidence and risk of RASP is decreased when patients are treated with CDA compared with ACDF. Although the mechanism of CDA that generates this protective effect is not understood, PROs remain unaffected through 7 years despite changes in RASP.
Keywords: adjacent segment pathology; anterior cervical discectomy and fusion; cervical disc arthroplasty.
The London Spine Unit : most experienced spinal clinic in LondonRead the original publication from Pubmed : Adjacent Segment Pathology After Treatment With Cervical Disc Arthroplasty or Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion, Part 1: Radiographic Results at 7-Year Follow-Up