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Adjacent Fracture Rates Following Balloon Kyphoplasty In Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures: A Case Series – Balloon Kyphoplasty

Balloon Kyphoplasty

The article discusses the prevalence of adjacent level refracture following balloon kyphoplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). Balloon kyphoplasty is a procedure in which a balloon is inflated within the collapsed vertebral body and then filled with cement to restore height and strength. The study reviewed the medical records of 89 patients who underwent balloon kyphoplasty and found a refracture prevalence of 13.5%. Patients with unsatisfactory resolution of symptoms following the initial procedure had a significantly higher refracture rate compared to those with satisfactory resolution. All refractures occurred in patients with complex, multiple-level initial fracture patterns. The article emphasizes the need for more research to better predict refracture and improve patient outcomes

Summarised by Mr Mo Akmal – Lead Spinal Surgeon
The London Spine Unit : finest day surgery hospital in London

Published article

Background Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) represent a substantial concern, as they are associated with significant increases in morbidity and mortality. One option for the management of these patients is balloon kyphoplasty, in which a balloon is inflated within the collapsed vertebral body. Following this, the cavity is filled with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cement to restore height and strength. Although this procedure has been shown to have great effectiveness, one…

Balloon Kyphoplasty Surgery Expert. Best Spinal Surgeon UK
Abstract Background Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) represent a substantial concern, as they are associated with significant increases in morbidity and mortality. One option for the management of these patients is balloon kyphoplasty, in which a balloon is inflated within the collapsed vertebral body. Following this, the cavity is filled with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cement,

Abstract

Background Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) represent a substantial concern, as they are associated with significant increases in morbidity and mortality. One option for the management of these patients is balloon kyphoplasty, in which a balloon is inflated within the collapsed vertebral body. Following this, the cavity is filled with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cement to restore height and strength. Although this procedure has been shown to have great effectiveness, one complication that has been documented is an adjacent level refracture. This is thought to be due to the increased relative strength of the repaired vertebral body. Our study aims to quantify the rates of adjacent level refracture following balloon kyphoplasty as well as identify factors that may be associated with this event. Methods We reviewed the electronic medical records (EMR) of patients that underwent balloon kyphoplasty between January 1, 2017 and August 1, 2020. A single surgeon performed all procedures. Only adult patients who received a diagnosis of osteoporosis based on a history of fragility fracture or bone mineral density measurement were included. Patients with additional or confounding bone conditions, such as malignancy or other lytic lesions, were excluded. Data were analyzed in SPSS (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, United States). Results We included 89 patients in our study. We observed an adjacent level refracture prevalence of 13.5% (n=12). We observed a significant increase in refracture rates among patients with unsatisfactory resolution of symptoms following initial balloon kyphoplasty, from 8.2% for satisfactory resolution of symptoms to 43.8% for those with unsatisfactory resolution. (p-value 0.011). Additionally, all 12 patients with adjacent level refractures occurred among patients with complex, multiple-level initial fracture patterns. Conclusions The treatment of OVCF with balloon kyphoplasty is a well-documented and effective method. The prevalence of adjacent-level refracture may be linked to several variables such as the initial fracture pattern. More research is needed to better predict refracture and improve patient outcomes.

Keywords: adjacent fracture; compression fracture; kyphoplasty; kyphoplasty pain; osteoporosis; refracture; spine; vertebral augmentation; vertebroplasty.

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Adjacent Fracture Rates Following Balloon Kyphoplasty in Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures: A Case Series

Sciatica My mother was in absolute agony for more than 3 months due to sciatica. It just came out of nowhere and took her out of action. From working full time she went straight to being bed bound and unable to carry out simplest of actions.The pain was 9/10 and she was bed bound for those three months. Multiple trips to A&E and GP and they wouldn't class it as an emergency therefore they wouldn't do anything about it other than upgrading the painkillers which did next to nothing for my mother. I couldn't bear to watch my mother sleeping on A&E bench in pain for 7 hours, just to be told by doctors that she wouldn't be kept in. I remember her joining her hands and begging the doctors to stop the pain which broke my heart. I then started doing research on google and London spine unit came up with Dr Mo AKMAL's profile and review. First meeting with Dr AKMAL was via ZOOM as my mother was bed bound. Dr AKMAL spoke to me and my mom and told us that this is nothing to worry about and that the pain would be 100% gone.Dr AKMAL assured us to visit the hospital so he could physically inspect my mother and give us the best solution. One trip to the london spine unit and Dr AKMAL advised us that the best solution would be to carry out Minimally invasive disectomy. Dr AKMAL advised that due to my mother being bed bound for a while, steroid injection might not give the result that my mother wishes. Dr AKMAL was very confident and showed us some videos from other patients who had gone through the same ordeal. The biggest thing i noticed between before and after was the smile on the patients face. Dr AKMAL was constantly assuring my mother throughout the meeting that he would take care of her pain and gave her 100% confidence that the result would be delivered.He promised her that she would be walking pain free the same day after the operation. Before the operation Dr GURUNG was consulted multiple times and he also was very helpful. Right after the surgery, as Dr AKMAL promised, my mother was walking and the biggest thing was that the pain was gone. My mother had forgotten to smile for three months and there i saw her smiling again. Dr AKMAL and Dr GURUNG gave us brilliant aftercare and informed us that just give them a ring if there was any issue. Its been several weeks now and my mother is heading towards complete recovery without any issues. The pain is completely gone and anyone who is reading this going through the same horrible sciatica pain you must come and see Dr AKMAL. Thank you Dr AKMAL and your whole team for helping my mom achieve this pain free life.

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Abstract Background Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) represent a substantial concern, as they are associated with significant increases in morbidity and mortality. One option for the management of these patients is balloon kyphoplasty, in which a balloon is inflated within the collapsed vertebral body. Following this, the cavity is filled with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cement

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