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A meta-analysis of prognostic factors in surgical treatment of foot drop due to lumbar degenerative diseases Research Article

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Published article

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with moderate muscle strength have a better prognosis compared to those with severe muscle weakness. The presence of diabetes mellitus is associated with a poorer prognosis for patients with foot drop due to LDD. These factors should be considered when predicting the surgical outcome of foot drop due to LDD.
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World Neurosurg X. 2023 May 10;19:100214. doi: 10.1016/j.wnsx.2023.100214. eCollection 2023 Jul.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Lumbar decompression surgery is an effective treatment for foot drop caused by LDD, but there is controversy about the prognostic factors affecting its efficacy. This study aimed to investigate the factors influencing the surgical outcome of foot drop due to LDD.

METHODS: A systematic database search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Clinical Trials was performed for relevant articles published until May 2022. Two reviewers independently screened the literature, extracted data, and evaluated the quality of the studies based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The quality of the studies was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS), and STATA 16.0 software was used for meta-analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 730 relevant articles were initially identified and 9 articles were finally included in this study for data extraction and mea-analysis. The results of metaanalysis showed that patients with preoperative moderate muscle strength (2-3/5 on the Medical Research Council scale) had better prognosis compared to those with severe muscle weakness. Additionally, the presence of diabetes mellitus was associated with a poorer prognosis for patients with foot drop due to LDD. The OR values (95%CI) of these two factors were 5.882 (4.449, 7.776) and 5.657 (2.094,15.280) respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with moderate muscle strength have a better prognosis compared to those with severe muscle weakness. The presence of diabetes mellitus is associated with a poorer prognosis for patients with foot drop due to LDD. These factors should be considered when predicting the surgical outcome of foot drop due to LDD.

PMID:37235062 | PMC:PMC10206859 | DOI:10.1016/j.wnsx.2023.100214

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A meta-analysis of prognostic factors in surgical treatment of foot drop due to lumbar degenerative diseases

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World Neurosurg X. 2023 May 10;19:100214. doi: 10.1016/j.wnsx.2023.100214. eCollection 2023 Jul.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Lumbar decompression surgery is an effective treatment for foot drop caused by LDD, but there is controversy about the prognostic factors affecting its efficacy. This study aimed to investigate the factors influencing the surgical outcome of foot drop due to LDD.METHODS: A systematic database…

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