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7. Whiplash-associated disorders

Whiplash-associated disorders are comprised of a range of symptoms of which neck complaints and headaches are the most significant spine related. In the acute and sub-acute stage of the disorder, conservative treatment for minimally 6 months is recommended, active mobilization is slightly better than passive treatment. Thereafter, interventional treatment may be considered. The available evidence for injection of Botulinum toxin A (2 B-) and intra-articular corticosteroid injections (2 C-) supports a negative recommendation. Radiofrequency treatment of the ramus medialis (medial branch) of the ramus dorsalis is recommended (2 B+)

Keywords : complications,diagnosis,Evidence-Based Medicine,Guidelines as Topic,Humans,Neck,Pain,Pain Measurement,physiopathology,Spine,therapy,Whiplash Injuries,Zygapophyseal Joint,, Whiplashassociated,Disorders, black spots on x ray of spine

Date of Publication : 2010 Mar

Authors : van SH;Mekhail N;Patel N;Van ZJ;van KM;Patijn J;

Organisation : Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Catharina Ziekenhuis, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Journal of Publication : Pain Pract

Pubmed Link : https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20415730

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