Exploitation of Simple Classification and Space Created by the Tumor for the Treatment of Foramen Magnum Meningiomas.
World Neurosurg. 2016 Mar;87:1-7
Authors: Yamahata H, Yamaguchi S, Takayasu M, Takasaki K, Osuka K, Aoyama M, Yasuda M, Tokimura H, Kurisu K, Arita K
OBJECTIVE: The resection of foramen magnum meningiomas (FMMs) presents neurosurgical challenges. We propose a simple classification of the tumor location and the operating space created by the tumor to help treatment planning.
METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 16 FMMs and divided them into 3 groups based on the tumor location–clival, foraminal, and atlantal tumors. The distance between the condyle and the neuraxis at the level of the foramen magnum was measured and defined as the available operative space (AOS). We also reviewed intraoperative video recordings to assess the surgical exposure of the tumor by the space created by the FMM and compared it with the AOS.
RESULTS: There were 4 clival, 8 foraminal, and 4 atlantal tumors. The AOS of the clival tumors was 10 mm ± 1.7, the AOS of the foraminal tumors was 18 mm ± 3.7, and the AOS of the atlantal tumors was 12 mm ± 2.1. All foraminal and atlantal tumors could be detached without a brain retractor. Because a major portion of the clival tumors was covered by the spinomedullary junction, a brain spatula was needed to obtain the required surgical space. The difference in AOS between clival and foraminal/atlantal tumors was statistically significant (P = 0.044). Although 4 patients experienced postoperative complications, the average postoperative Karnofsky performance scale score improved. The surgical complication rate was significantly lower in foraminal and atlantal FMMs than in clival FMMs (P = 0.027).
CONCLUSIONS: The simple classification of the tumor location helped to assess surgical difficulties. Knowledge of the space created by the FMMs between the condyle and the neuraxis is useful for planning the approach strategy, especially for estimating the available working space without resection of the occipital condyle.
PMID: 26409077 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]