Degenerated human intervertebral discs contain autoantibodies against extracellular matrix proteins.

By London Spine
Related Articles

Degenerated human intervertebral discs contain autoantibodies against extracellular matrix proteins.

Eur Cell Mater. 2014;27:251-63

Authors: Capossela S, Schläfli P, Bertolo A, Janner T, Stadler BM, Pötzel T, Baur M, Stoyanov JV

Abstract
Degeneration of intervertebral discs (IVDs) is associated with back pain and elevated levels of inflammatory cells. It has been hypothesised that discogenic pain is a direct result of vascular and neural ingrowth along annulus fissures, which may expose the avascular nucleus pulposus (NP) to the systemic circulation and induce an autoimmune reaction. In this study, we confirmed our previous observation of antibodies in human degenerated and post-traumatic IVDs cultured in vitro. We hypothesised that the presence of antibodies was due to an autoimmune reaction against specific proteins of the disc. Furthermore we identified antigens which possibly trigger an autoimmune response in degenerative disc diseases. We demonstrated that degenerated and post-traumatic IVDs contain IgG antibodies against typical extracellular proteins of the disc, particularly proteins of the NP. We identified IgGs against collagen type II and aggrecan, confirming an autoimmune reaction against the normally immune privileged NP. We also found specific IgGs against collagens types I and V, but not against collagen type III. In conclusion, this study confirmed the association between disc degeneration and autoimmunity, and may open the avenue for future studies on developing prognostic, diagnostic and therapy-monitoring markers for degenerative disc diseases.

PMID: 24706108 [PubMed – in process]

Should age be a contraindication for degenerative lumbar surgery?

By London Spine
Related Articles

Should age be a contraindication for degenerative lumbar surgery?

Eur Spine J. 2014 May;23(5):1007-12

Authors: Pérez-Prieto D, Lozano-Álvarez C, Saló G, Molina A, Lladó A, Puig-Verdié L, Ramírez-Valencia M

Abstract
INTRODUCTION AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare disability, quality of life and satisfaction outcomes between young people and elderly who were operated on for degenerative lumbar disease.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A database of 263 patients undergoing lumbar surgery for degenerative conditions was collected. There were 74 patients who were 65 years old or above and 189 who were below 65 who had complete preoperative and 2-year postoperative HRQOL data measures: ODI, SF-36 and COMI.
RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the outcomes between the two age groups (p > 0.05). An improvement from baseline in all quality of life measures in the two age groups was observed. A median improvement of 6.0 points was found in the ODI in the younger patients versus 12.0 in older ones. A median improvement in the SF36 physical component score of 6.95 was seen in the younger group while improvement was reported at 6.36 points in patients over 65. The SF36 mental component score improved by 4.48 points and 4.96 points, respectively. COMI improved a median of 1.2 points in both groups. In terms of satisfaction, 66.9 % of the younger patients were pleased or very pleased whereas this was found to be 59.7 % for the older group.
CONCLUSION: Older patients can see substantial clinical improvement after degenerative lumbar disease surgery similar to that obtained in younger patients in terms of quality of life and satisfaction. The improvement in terms of the disability is greater for older patients. Thus, age should not be a contraindication for this procedure.

PMID: 24458934 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Comparison between harvesting and preserving the spinous process for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

By Kamruz Zaman
Related Articles

Comparison between harvesting and preserving the spinous process for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 Aug 24;17(1):366

Authors: Yeh YC, Niu CC, Chen LH, Chen WJ, Lai PL

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Spinous process has been routinely resected during posterior fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis for fusion bed preparation and local autologous bone graft supplement. However, spinous process serves as an important structure in posterior ligament complex and was the anchorage of paraspinal muscle groups. With the development of pedicle screws instrumentation and the potential fusion ability in children, the need for resecting spinous process in this procedure could be further investigated. The purpose of this study was to compare the fusion rates, surgical outcomes and complications between harvesting and preserving the spinous process in posterior fusion of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
METHODS: From January 2003 to December 2008, 104 consecutive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients underwent primary posterior fusion with local autologous bone grafts and following for a minimum of 24 months were reviewed. The patients were divided into a harvesting group (n = 61) with the spinous process harvested, and a preserving group (n = 43) with the spinous process preserved. Blood loss, radiographic assessments, and clinical outcomes were compared between the two groups.
RESULTS: There were no significant differences in duration of surgery and peri-operative blood transfusion between the two groups. However, blood loss was statistically greater (983 ± 446 ml vs. 824 ± 361 ml; p = 0.048) and duration of hospitalization was statistically longer (7.4 ± 1.0 days vs. 6.8 ± 0.8 days; p = 0.003) in the harvesting group. The pre- and post-operative structural curves, correction rates, sagittal profile and loss of corrections were similar in both groups. Based on radiographic evaluation, the incidences of pseudoarthrosis were similar in both groups (3/61 vs. 2/43; p = 0.95). The incidence of prescribing pain medication for back discomfort during follow-up was statistically higher in the harvesting group (16/61 vs. 4/43; p = 0.03).
CONCLUSIONS: The surgical outcomes and fusion rates between harvesting and preserving the spinous process were comparable. Resecting the spinous process as local autologous bone graft may not be necessary in posterior fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients.

PMID: 27558492 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]