Acute Lower Back Pain Lower back pain is generally described as any pain or ache found in the area between the bottom of the ribs at the back of the torso and the top of the legs. When this lower back pain has been present for less than six weeks, it is given the…

  Whiplash Injury A whiplash injury happens when the neck is violently jolted forwards and backwards, like a whip. This is a fairly common injury, happening to as many as two out of three people that have been in rear end car collisions, although they can occur during a collision to the front or side…

  Facet Joint Pain and Facet Joint Syndrome Facet joints are located at the rear of the spine, all the way down the length of the spine. These joints work in tandem with the intervertebral discs and perform the double function of allowing movement of the spine and providing stability.   As the body ages,…

  Piriformis Syndrome Piriformis syndrome is a neuromuscular disorder that occurs when the piriformis muscle, a narrow muscle that works to rotate the leg outwards located deep within the buttocks, puts pressure on or irritates the sciatic nerve, the largest nerve in the body and located just beneath the piriformis muscle. While this syndrome is…

Introduction   Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is the term used to describe symptoms produced from the compression of nerves or blood vessels running through the thoracic outlet. The thoracic outlet is the area between the base of the neck and the armpit. The main area affected is known as the brachial plexus, which comprises of…

Your vertebral column (bones), the intervertebral discs, the dural sac (sheath-like covering around the spinal cord) are like other structures in the body, suspect to infection. The contagion may be caused by bacteria or fungal organisms.  Spinal infections might take place following surgery or spontaneously in patients with particular risk factors. Patients more susceptible to…

  The spine which is made up of 26 bones helps you to stand erect and bend over.  When the spine is narrowed at the space at the center of spine, the space between vertebrae, or the canals where the nerves come out from the spine, then this compresses the nerves and spinal cord and…

  Tumors that affect the spine may occur either locally from the structures of the spine, (primary tumors) or they span to the spine from any where in the body. When the tumors are found away from the actual cancerous growth, these tumors are called secondary or metastatic tumours. The main reasons as to why…

What is Osteoporosis? Osteoporosis is a condition that affects the bones, causing them to become weak and fragile and more likely to break (fracture).   In this disease, BMD (bone mineral density) is reduced and alteration in the amount of protein in the bone takes place. During this, we can also find deterioration of bone…

  What is it? Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that mostly affects cartilage. Bone may be exposed and damaged if the bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage. It can affect any joint in the body including the spine. Degenerative joint disease and degenerative arthritis are the other names for Osteoarthritis.   What are…

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